segunda-feira, 3 de setembro de 2018

Labor Day

Enzo celebrating Labor Day

In sudore vultus tui vesceris pane

In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread

Labor Day in the USA is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September. It honors the American labor movement and the contributions that workers have made to the strength, prosperity, laws, and well-being of the country.
Labor Day is celebrated in  Brazil  and in several countries on May 1stIn  Brazil , it was only on September 26, 1924 that this date became official, after a decree of the then President Arthur Bernardes.

In sudore vultus tui vesceris pane - you will gain bread with the sweat of your face – it's in the Vulgate (translation of the Bible into Latin), in Genesis 3:19. That's the punishment imposed on men by God after expelling Adam and Eve from Paradise for having disobeyed His will. Thus, work is attributed to an aspect of sacrifice, punishment, and reparation.

GUSTAVE DORE  (1861) - Adam and Eve Driven Out of Eden
Trabalho, the Portuguese word to Labor, comes from the Latin tri-paliu, which is the denomination of a torture instrument consisting of ‘three stakes’ (paliu, paus in Portuguese). In this way, originally working meant being tortured.

Tripaliutorture instrument
In antiquity the nobles and the rich did not work, an activity that was considered as the attribution of poor or slaves and servants (those who could not pay debts or those defeated in wars). From the industrial revolution the workers acquired rights and better conditions of work - the philosophy of the necessary and dignifying work was created. 
Even so, labor remains an ambiguous reality: hated, on the one hand, as something that has to be endured and which continues to be seen as a punishment, but valued, on the other hand, as a fundamental element in people's lives, being the main source of well-being, prosperity and tranquility.
Bennett ironizing Labor relationships
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